| The match between the Hurtado de Mendoza and the Álvarez-Osorio family | In the town of Moratalla on January 11, seventeen hundred and seventeen ...
that they make a true marriage to Juan Hurtado de Mendoza and son of Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza, deceased, and Andrea Lopez Oliver, his wife, with Ysabel Alvarez Osorio and Xristoval Alvarez Osorio and Ysabel Garcia, his wife, deceased to whom Francisco Alvarez Osorio was the witnesses ...
and I certify and sign it.Don Juan Martinez LaraIn the town of Moratalla on January sixteen, one thousand seven hundred twenty-two ...
that they make a real marriage and together watch over Pedro Urtado de Mendoza and Pedro Urtado de Mendoza, deceased, and Andrea Lopez, his wife, with María Alvarez Osorio yja de Xrtoval Alvarez Osorio and Ysabel Garcia, his wife, deceased ...
and I certify and sign it.Don Onofre de Mellinas NavarroParish Archives of Our Lady of the Assumption (Moratalla)Throughout history, many families have strengthened their ties through "double" marriages.
So were the cases of the children of the Catholic Monarchs: Juan and Juana; who married two of the arch-powerful Habsburg brothers: Margarita and Felipe; in a strategic attempt to isolate France from the new geopolitical plane resulting from the nascent Spanish Empire.The cases of Philip IV of Spain and Louis XIII of France are equivalent, since both married their respective sisters.
Unable to get rid of the figure of the brother-in-law, in an attempt to forge alliances with ties of blood, they complied with the well-known saying: "keep your friends close, but even more so your enemies."However, the case that concerns us occurred in the famous town of Moratalla, after the War of Succession (1701-1715).
In those years, Felipe V de Borbón, king of Spain, saw his royal position ratified, in the ominous Treaty of Utrecht (1715), in exchange for important cessions to the other European states.Spain, coming from a position of weakness, inherited from the fragility of the Austrian policy, received new airs of centralism, in addition to a new strategic vision of Spanish influence on the continent.That is why there was no better possible arrangement than that of uniting two families than that of the double weddings of the Spanish and Portuguese heirs with their respective sisters (infantas).
This event would embed both dynasties of outstanding peninsular importance: the Bourbons and the Braganzas; providing a new era of political stability in the peninsular states of the 18th century.Similarly, at different levels, the same thing happened with two Moratal families of respected lineage: the Hurtado de Mendoza and the Álvarez-Osorio family; who saw their quasi-hegemonic position in local politics in danger, inherited from past times, such as those of the powerful Calasparreño mayor Don Pedro Hurtado [from Mendoza] and Rosillo.The large number of farms and properties managed by the Hurtado de Mendoza family in Moratalla was considerable, since they had managed to carve out a niche for themselves in Moratal society by preserving the real estate of their ancestors: the Baezas, the Fuenllana, the González- Manzano and, of course, the mayor himself Don Pedro Hurtado [from Mendoza] and Rosillo.Being committed, on a patrimonial level, with the war at the beginning of the century, the great-grandchildren of Mayor Don Pedro: Juan and Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza; very probably they had to consider the situation of their family at the end of the war (in which they almost certainly participated until the end of it, in 1715).Thus, Juan and Pedro, in the manner of European monarchs, joined the sisters Isabel (married to Juan in January 1717) and María (married to Pedro in January 1722) Álvarez-Osorio.
Although they were not links, they were two links that ensured a clear interdependence between the two main branches of the families: the Hurtado de Mendoza and the Álvarez-Osorio.Although the origins of the Hurtado de Mendoza family are found in the Knights of Baeza (the Haro), the origins of the Álvarez-Osorio family are not so clear.
It is true that there is the remote possibility that they were direct descendants (via agnaticia or cognaticia) of the first count of Trastamara ...
although this theory is not confirmed and can be classified as chimera (being almost impossible to prove).What was quite a feat was to have managed, with these double marriages, that all those assets of the Álvarez-Osorio family did not fall on deaf ears.
We have evidence that the first known member of the Moratalian family was Cristóbal Álvarez [Osorio], who, a priori, does not seem to be anyone very remarkable in the Moratalian high society.However, the arrangement of the marriage of his eldest son (and heir): Francisco Álvarez-Osorio; With a wealthy young woman from a family of notaries and people with a surname, it may be a reminiscence of her lineage and a sign of wealth from her past lineage.Finally, returning to the double marriage of Juan with María and Pedro with Isabel, it should be noted that their parents had already passed away.
So it is possible that both brothers had been advised by their mother Andrea López-Oliver, while they had obtained the support of the new head of the Álvarez-Osorio, the aforementioned Francisco, their brother.We have no evidence, beyond pure speculation, of what germinated these marriages since, apparently, neither Juan, nor Pedro, managed to engender male offspring that would continue their lineage and therefore their surname ended up being lost (in Moratalla; century XVIII) with Francisca Hurtado de Mendoza.It is sad to see how such marriages so desired by such powerful Moralite clans did not bear fruit.
Now, I can't help but give it a certain romantic and nostalgic touch, as I am personally happy to know that despite the fact that these historical figures left us a long time ago, their intangible legacy continues to echo their names.Eduardo Pérez de Lara and SánchezPÉREZ DEL CASTILLO, F, (S.
XVIII), Genealogy of the Baeças knights.
For Don Pedro Amorós, Municipal Historical Archive of Calasparra.
SPAIN: Calasparra.VARIOUS (1568-1894), Marriage Index, Parish of Santa María de la Asunción de Moratalla.
SPAIN: MoratallaVARIOS (1684-1719), Libro donde se sientan los que se desposaron en la Iglesia parroquial de esta villa de Moratalla desde este año de 1684, siendo cura propio el sr.
Francisco Plaza Giménez del hábito de Santiago, Parroquia de Santa María de la Asunción de Moratalla.
ESPAÑA: MoratallaVARIOS (1719-1838), Libro donde se adscriben y sientan los que se casan y velan en la Iglesia parroquial de esta villa de Moratalla que tomó principio a 19 de febrero de 1719, siendo cura propio de ella el sr.
Juan Basilio López Angulo y miembro del hábito de Santiago, Parroquia de Santa María de la Asunción de Moratalla.
ESPAÑA: MoratallaI - Los príncipes (futuros reyes de España y Portugal) Fernando (VI) de Borbón y José (I) de Braganza.II - Las infantas Bárbara de Braganza (hermana de José I de Portugal) y Mariana Victoria de Borbón (medio hermana de Fernando VI de España).III - Don Pedro Hurtado [de Mendoza] y Rosillo fue el máximo exponente de su estirpe familiar.
Convir-tiéndose en alcaide de la fortaleza y del castillo, alcalde mayor, regidor perpetuo, depositario general y capitán de la milicia de Calasparra, además de todos sus cargos agregados y mercedes, como la recauda-ción de la sisa y el control de las villas de Archena, Albudeite y Alcantarilla.IV - Véase la referencia a las propiedades ganaderas de Doña Lucía: PÉREZ DE LARA Y SÁNCHEZ, E., (2017), Un réquiem por el apellido Fuenllana, ESPAÑA: Lanzadigital y DCLM.V - Ambos eran hijos del llamado Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza, a su vez hijo de Pedro Hurtado de Men-doza “el Mozo”.
Por tanto, bisnietos de los muy ilustres calasparreños Don Pedro Hurtado [de Mendo-za] y Rosillo y de Doña Lucía Sánchez de la Fuenllana López Ximénez de las Casas Blancas.VI - Agnaticio: solo por vía exclusiva de varón.VII - Cognaticio: por vía no exclusiva de varón.VIII - Casado con Juana Ruiz antes de 1630 en Moratalla.
No consta partida de matrimonio, solo el nacimien-to de su hijo Francisco Álvarez-Osorio en 1630 y su matrimonio con Dª Isabel de Moya Rodríguez en 2 de enero de 1654, en la Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Moratalla.IX - Hija de Juan Hurtado de Mendoza y de Isabel Álvarez-Osorio, casada con José Martínez Piernas en la Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Moratalla en 18 de junio de 1753.
Tuvieron, al menos, cuatro hijas y no se sabe cuántos varones.
Source: Eduardo Pérez de Lara y Sánchez