The Ministry of Agriculture and Water has noted that no damage to crops, especially almonds, as a result of the locust plague was endemic affecting the municipalities of Jumilla and Moratalla.
The Plant Health Service concluded this week the campaign to control this orthopteran began in June with the treatment of 600 hectares in the village of Cañada de la Cruz, by aerial application.
The Director General of Operations and Training Modernization of Agricultural, Ángel García Lidón, noted that "in recent years are going on a series of outbreaks of locusts motivated primarily by the neglect and non-crop agricultural land."
In this regard, he noted that "the early stages of this pest is located on wasteland and cultivated areas where lobster not made the stakes, later to move to the adjoining plots of land."
The manager said that this disease autonomic "cause damage to rainfed crops such as almonds and vineyards, in hunting for food in leaves and shoots."
The closing of this season, added Garcia Lidón, was delayed about 20 days, compared with previous years, due to rains in the months of May and June, "which have caused a great natural mortality in immature stages of this pest Legendary and a significant decrease of detected populations. "
The cost of the campaign amounted to a total of 20,000 euros, which are financed by the Ministry and the Ministry.
In the treatments carried out on a total of 1,200 hectares in the towns of Jumilla and Moratalla, we applied the technique of ultra low volume (ULV), with which very significantly reduces the amount of insecticide used per hectare.
Also, to improve application quality and minimize plant environmental impact, the Department has been using insecticides chitin inhibitors, according to Garcia Lidón, "act only with the youth of lobster and no damage occurs in other insects that -target to beat. "
The Department is participating with other communities, a national research program that would establish a set of monitoring stations and survey of Orthoptera to determine what are the main species that colonize the crops in our region.
Warning to farmers
The Ministry warned that farmers abandoned plots for various reasons, such as water shortages or loss of a link farm, has motivated the proliferation of abandoned land, which eventually become potential endemic foci of lobster.
In this sense, García Lidón said that "till the barren wastelands or once a year can significantly reduce the emergence of this pest in the months of May and June, as this would destroy the coverings containing the stakes" .
It added that "the Plant Protection Act requires owners of agricultural land to plant them in good condition" and therefore concludes, "the Department shall take appropriate measures to ensure the proper maintenance of the abandoned plots."